Self-Assembly in Confined Space


supramolecular chemistry

Supramolecular chemistry studies chemistry beyond individual molecules, where molecules or macromolecules form larger entities with interesting, novel properties and this by spontaneous self-assembly. This concept of self-organizing nanoscale building blocks (that can be organic, organometallic, metallic and oxidic) into (hybrid) materials results in hierarchical systems that spatially can extend from nano to micron-size and beyond and this in 1, 2 or 3 dimensions. Uniquely, this supramolecular chemistry enables control and guiding the chemical properties (adsorption affinity, reactivity or catalytic activity) as well as the physical properties (mechanical, electrical, optical etc.), at different length scales and in different directions. Therefore, supramolecular self-assembled systems have potential functionalities which tremendously surpass the scope of classical molecular systems in the liquid state, or of classical porous solids. This potential functionality encompasses the type and number of functions which can simultaneously be fulfilled, as well as the range of viable operating conditions. SACS focuses on the formation of functional structures with novel, unique properties through self-assembly in restricted or controlled space and to enable the formation of assemblies with strictly controlled geometries, size and shape and outstanding properties. The functionalities that are specifically aimed for are: electrical conductivity, optical properties and catalytic activity.